OCCUPATIONAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. THE WRINKLE RECOVERY ANGLE (WRA) STUDY OF FABRIC THAT NANO-SILVER TREATED

  • A. M. Pirzada Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Pakistan http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0423-0877
  • S. Vambol Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture, Kharkiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8376-9020
  • Z. Khatri Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • A. Aziz Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Pakistan http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4892-0343
  • N. A. Samoon Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • S. Shaikh Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • M. Ali Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • S. Sikandar Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
Keywords: occupational and public health; textile products safety; wrinkle recovery angle; cationic glycerine; ionic cross-link method; treatment with Nano silver

Abstract

The constant use of wrinkle-resistant cellulose fabrics in professional and everyday life can negatively affect the health state. This is because formaldehyde vapours, which contribute to allergies, persistent coughing, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, sleep disturbances, headaches, etc., pose a greater danger. In this study an attempt was made to achieve fabric stabilization from wrinkle resistant by formation ionic bonds of as replacement covalent bonds. And this is the main study purpose. Industrially Desized and Bleached 100 % pure cotton fabric with the weight of 110 g/m2, and the chemicals were used. Preparation of cationic glycerine, carboxymethylation of bleached fabric and application of antimicrobial finishes on the ionic cross-linked fabric was provided. Measurements were taken to determine of wrinkle recovery angle (WRA), of absorbency, of whiteness index, of flexural rigidity, of abrasion, of tensile strength. Wrinkle recovery angle was measured by standard method of AATCC 66 (option 2). AATCC Test Method 79-2000 was used to test the absorbency of fabric. The CIE whiteness index was determined using an Xrite Colour Eye 7000A spectrophotometer. Flexural Rigidity was measured through a testing cantilever method ASTM D-1388. Fabric abrasion was checked according to standard method for abrasion resistance of textile fabric ASTM 4966 on Martindale Abrasion Device M235. Mechanical strength of the fabric was measured under the standard method of ASTM D-5034. With the ionic cross-linking, the dry WRA was achieved an optimum of 118º and wet WRA up to 128º with increased fabric strength and whiteness. In addition to ionic cross-linking fabric was treated with Nano silver. Based on the results it was concluded that the fabric can be optimized first with ionic cross-link method and then it can be treated with the antimicrobial making the fabric cleaner and hygienic. This fabric treatment provides the necessary characteristics and is safe for the health of the people who use it.

References

Chen, W., Lickfield, G.C., Yang, C.Q. (2004). Molecular modeling of cellulose in amorphous state part II: effects of rigid and flexible crosslinks on cellulose. Polymer, 45(21), 7357–7365.

Lacasse, K., Baumann, W. (2012). Textile Chemicals: Environmental data and facts. Springer Science & Business Media.

Carr, C. (Ed.). (2012). Chemistry of the textiles industry. Springer Science & Business Media, 4.

Schindler, W.D., Hauser, P.J. (2004). Chemical finishing of textiles. Elsevier.

Hashem, M., Hauser, P., Smith, B. (2003). Wrinkle recovery for cellulosic fabric by means of ionic crosslinking. Textile Research Journal, 73(9), 762–766.

Hashem, M., Hauser, P., Smith, B. (2003). Reaction efficiency for cellulose cationization using 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride. Textile research journal, 73(11), 1017–1023.

Hashem, M., Hauser, P., Smith, B. (2003). Wrinkle recovery for cellulosic fabric by means of ionic crosslinking. Textile Research Journal, 73(9), 762–766.

Rupin, M. (1976). Dyeing with Direct and Fiber Reactive Dyes. Textile Chemist & Colorist, 8, 9–28.

Wu, T.S., Chen, K.M. (1993). New cationic agents for improving the dyeability of cellulose fibres. Part 2‐pretreating cotton with polyepichlorohydrin‐amine polymers for improving dyeability with reactive dyes. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, 109(4), 153–158.

Hauser, P.J., Tabba, A.H. (2001). Improving the environmental and economic aspects of cotton dyeing using a cationised cotton. Coloration Technology, 117(5), 282–288.

Hauser, P.J., Tabba, A.H. (2002). Dyeing Cationic Cotton with Fiber Reactive Dyes: Effect of Reactive Chemistries. AATCC review, 2(5).

Tabba, A H., Hauser, P. (2000). Effect of Cationic Pretreatment on Pigment Printing of Cotton Fabric. Textile Chemist & Colorist & American Dyestuff Reporter, 32(2).

Kim, Y.H., Choi, H.M., Yoon, J.H. (1998). Synthesis of a quaternary ammonium derivative of chitosan and its application to a cotton antimicrobial finish. Textile Research Journal, 68(6), 428–434.

Hauser, P.J. (2000). Reducing Pollution and Energy Requirements in Cotton Dyeing. Textile Chemist & Colorist & American Dyestuff Reporter, 32(6).

Sahin, U.K., Gursoy, N.C., Hauser, P., Smith, B. (2009). Optimization of ionic crosslinking process: an alternative to conventional durable press finishing. Textile Research Journal, 79(8), 744–752.

Wasif, A.I., Laga, S.K. (2009). Use of nano silver as an antimicrobial agent for cotton. Autex Research Journal, 9(1), 5–13.

Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
Pirzada, A. M., Vambol, S., Khatri, Z., Aziz, A., Samoon, N. A., Shaikh, S., Ali, M., & Sikandar, S. (2020). OCCUPATIONAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. THE WRINKLE RECOVERY ANGLE (WRA) STUDY OF FABRIC THAT NANO-SILVER TREATED. Labour Protection Problems in Ukraine, 36(1), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.36804/nndipbop.36-1.2020.3-11