STUDY OF UKRAINIAN AND WORLD EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF WATER BODIES' CRIMINAL LAW PROTECTION

Keywords: water bodies’ protection; Ukrainian and world norms and laws; criminal law mechanisms; criminal offenses; forecasting.

Abstract

The this work purpose is to study present Ukrainian and world experience in the criminal law protection field of water bodies in order to develop recommendations for improving the ways of their protection and rational use. For the analysis of Ukrainian and world norms and laws, an overview and analytical approach was used. The databases Google Scholar, PubMed, ResearchGate were searched for relevant keywords. Methods of mathematical statistical data processing are used to study criminal offenses against water resources on the example of Ukraine and to forecasting them. The rules for collecting wastewater into sewerage systems operating in Ukraine are not strict enough and do not establish clear restrictions for the discharge of wastewater containing active pharmaceutical ingredients. To achieve the result specified in the rules, it is enough to use ineffective cleaning methods. Along with the classical methods of protecting water bodies from contamination by toxic substances, such as environmental engineering, legal mechanisms should be applied to prevent offenses related to water resources. A special place is occupied by the criminal-legal impact on persons guilty of causing harm to environmental objects. However, in Ukraine there is a persistent negative trend regarding the protection of natural waters. The forecast showed that the number of recorded crimes against the environment continues to grow (by at least 4.3 %), and against water resources – by almost a quarter a year (21.8 %). So in Ukraine, legal protection in general and criminal law, in particular, is weak protection against the commission of criminal offenses against the country's water resources by potential offenders. The study of criminal offenses against water resources and their forecasting was carried out on the example of Ukraine, therefore it is recommended to study these issues for other countries of different levels of development. The originality and significance of the study lies in the generalization and analysis of statistical data on criminal offenses against the environment in general, and water bodies in particular, as well as in predicting criminal offenses for the next three years. The study made it possible to identify weaknesses in the legislative and criminal law protection of water bodies in Ukraine, which should become the beginning for improving the ways of their protection and rational use.

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Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Shulha, A., Pavlykivskyi, V., Vambol, S., & Vambol, V. (2020). STUDY OF UKRAINIAN AND WORLD EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF WATER BODIES’ CRIMINAL LAW PROTECTION. Labour Protection Problems in Ukraine, 36(3), 19-27. https://doi.org/10.36804/nndipbop.36-3.2020.19-27