IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MEASURES FOR THE PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL INJURY ON THE BASIS OF MODELING THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SYSTEM IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
The purpose of this work іncreasing the effectiveness of measures for the prevention industrial injuries on the basis of modeling the labor protection system in mechanical engineering. To develop effective management decisions on industrial safety, mathematical model of the labor protection system for mechanical engineering was built. It was taking into account the legal, socio-economic and organizational components. The studies was based on actual statistical data of the causes and consequences of occupational injuries in mechanical engineering over 12 years. The feasibility of using the method of mathematical modeling based on indicators of injury is justified, since this approach links preventive measures in the field of labor protection with the results of risk assessment and reduces the subjectivity of management decisions. The mathematical model of the labor protection system allows to increase the effectiveness of measures to reduce production risks in mechanical engineering, taking into account the actions or inaction of the employee and the employer, and to optimize the amount of penalties for the employee and employer for violation of labor and production discipline. The expediency of introducing the effective legal mechanism for regulating the responsibility of the employee and the employer as subjects of labor law for meeting labor protection requirements has been substantiated. The proposed measures for the prevention of industrial injuries are universal. The algorithm for making management decisions to reduce the risk of injuries in mechanical engineering, which involves the use of criteria for selecting measures based on the results of mathematical modeling of occupational safety (employee, employer). The proposed approach to occupational safety management in mechanical engineering enterprises is based on a component method of assessing the occurrence of traumatic events due to the actions or inaction of the employee and the employer. This model differs from the existing ones because it takes into account the available statistical information related to the risk of dangerous situations in the industry and the level of employee and employer compliance with occupational safety regulations stimulates prevention and allows to establish the dependence of production risk labor protection and reduce the impact of the subjective component of expert judgments.
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