REMOVAL OF POTENTIALLY TOXIC METALS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING TETRA PAK INDUSTRIAL WASTE AS BIOSORBENTS

Keywords: adsorption; tetra pack; potentially toxic metals; polluted water.

Abstract

Potentially toxic metals (PTMs) contamination in the water bodies had been a worldwide challenge. Industrialization and anthropogenic activities have produce and discharge wastes comprising organic and inorganic pollutants into the water resources making them hazardous and threatening human health and the environment. Packaging technology for food and beverages such as juices, milk, and other liquids using paper packets, generally known as Tetra Pak, has resulted in the generation of too much waste in the world in recent decades. On the one hand, it appears that the building of composites from Tetra Pak trash allows for maximum recycling of these materials, while on the other hand, the inclusion of Kraft paper, Al, and polyethylene in the packet composition can improve the functional features of the goods. Tetra pak packaging is comprised of three different types of raw materials: cellulose (75 %), low density polyethylene (LDPE) (20 %), and aluminium (5 %).The present research aimed to assess the potential of Tetra Pak industrial waste as biosorbents to remove PTMs such as lead (Pb), Nickle (Ni), and Copper (Cu) from PTMs-artificial contaminated water. Approximately, 0.05 mg/L concentration for Ni, 0.027 mg/L for Pb, and 0.05 mg/L for Cu were artificially added in the water bodied to assess the adsorption efficacy amended with two samples of waste Tetra Pak OTP (sample product1) and DOTP (sample product 2) as biosorbents. The obtained results showed that the maximum Ni adsorption recovery was received by (83 % with DOTP), Pb 52 % with OTP and Cu 32 % with OTP as bio-sorbent amendments. Overall, the present study indicated that the remove of PTMs from dilute aqueous solutions and using industrial waste material as easily available and low-cost sorbent, that can be successfully used to remove pollutants from multi-metal polluted water.

References

Volesky, B. (2003). Biosorption process simulation tools. Hydrometallurgy, 71(1–2), 179–190.

Klimmek, S., Stan, H. J., Wilke, A., Bunke, G., Buchholz, R. (2001). Comparative analysis of the biosorption of cadmium, lead, nickel, and zinc by algae. Environmental science & technology, 35(21), 4283–4288.

Singh, J., Ali, A.G. (2013). Agricultural Wastes as Adsorbents for the Removal of Toxic Metal Ions from Industrial Effluents (Doctoral dissertation).

Klavins, M., Potapovics, O., Rodinov, V. (2009). Heavy metals in fish from lakes in Latvia: concentrations and trends of changes. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 82(1), 96–100.

Volesky, B. (2001). Detoxification of metal-bearing effluents: biosorption for the next century. Hydrometallurgy, 59(2–3), 203–216.

Hadiani, M.R., Darani, K. K., Rahimifard, N., Younesi, H. (2018). Biosorption of low concentration levels of Lead (II) and Cadmium (II) from aqueous solution by Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Response surface methodology. Biocatalysis and agricultural biotechnology, 15, 25–34.

Jilani, S. (2015). Assessment of heavy metal pollution in Lyari river and adjoining coastal areas of Karachi. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 6(2), 208–214.

Ebadi, M., Farsi, M., Narchin, P. (2018). Some of the physical and mechanical properties of composites made from Tetra Pak™/LDPE. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 31(8), 1054–1065.

Suryan, S., Ahluwalia, S.S. (2012). Biosorption of heavy metals by paper mill waste from aqueous solution. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(3), 1331.

Kanamarlapudi, S.L.R.K., Chintalpudi, V.K., Muddada, S. (2018). Application of biosorption for removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Biosorption, 18, 69. 70-116. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77315

Chakravarty, S., Bhattacharjee, S., Gupta, K.K., Singh, M., Chaturvedi, H.T., Maity, S. (2007). Adsorption of zinc from aqueous solution using chemically treated newspaper pulp. Bioresource technology, 98(16), 3136-3141.

Siswoyo, E., Tanaka, S. (2013). Development of eco-adsorbent based on solid waste of paper industry to adsorb cadmium ion in water. Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, 1(3), 198–201.

Méndez, A., Barriga, S., Fidalgo, J.M., Gascó, G. (2009). Adsorbent materials from paper industry waste materials and their use in Cu (II) removal from water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 165(1–3), 736–743.

Korkmaz, A., Yanik, J., Brebu, M., Vasile, C. (2009). Pyrolysis of the tetra pak. Waste management, 29 (11), 2836–2841.

Yilgor, N., Köse, C., Terzi, E., Figen, A. K., Ibach, R., Kartal, S. N., Pişkin, S. (2014). Degradation behavior and accelerated weathering of composite boards produced from waste Tetra Pak® packaging materials. BioResources, 9(3), 4784–4807.

Allen, S. J., Gan, Q., Matthews, R., Johnson, P.A. (2005). Mass transfer processes in the adsorption of basic dyes by peanut hulls. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 44(6), 1942–1949.

Khan, A. M., Ahmad, C. S., Farooq, U., Mahmood, K., Sarfraz, M., Balkhair, K. S., Ashraf, M. A. (2015). Removal of metallic elements from industrial waste water through biomass and clay. Frontiers in Life Science, 8(3), 223–230.

Shin, W.S. (2017). Adsorption characteristics of phenol and heavy metals on biochar from Hizikia fusiformis. Environmental earth sciences, 76 (22), 782.

Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Muhammadi, A., Lahori, A., Vambol, V., & Vambol, S. (2021). REMOVAL OF POTENTIALLY TOXIC METALS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING TETRA PAK INDUSTRIAL WASTE AS BIOSORBENTS. Labour Protection Problems in Ukraine, 37(3), 3-7. https://doi.org/10.36804/nndipbop.37-3.2021.3-7