STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF MEASURES OF THE HIERARCHY OF CONTROL ON OCCUPATIONAL RISK

  • O. Kruzhilko Technical university «Metinvest polytechnic», LLC, Mariupol, Ukraine
  • N. Volodchenkova Technical university «Metinvest polytechnic», LLC, Mariupol, Ukraine
  • V. Maistrenko Technical university «Metinvest polytechnic», LLC, Mariupol, Ukraine
  • I. Tkalych Public Agency "National Scientific and Research Institute of Industrial Safety and Occupational Safety and Health", Kyiv, Ukraine
  • O. Polukarov National Technical University of Ukraine "Kiev Polytechnic Institute of the Name of Igor Sikorskiy", Kyiv, Ukraine
Keywords: labor protection, occupational risk, prevention, danger, planning.

Abstract

The article analyzes the international and domestic experience in building a safety and hygiene management system. It is noted that the priorities in the process of ensuring safe and harmless working conditions for many developed countries are: revision and improvement of the legal framework for occupational safety and health, encouraging employers to ensure proper working conditions, and raising awareness of managers and employees on occupational safety and health. Recommendations for planning measures depending on the hazards present in enterprises and the results of risk assessment are contained in the documents of the International Labor Organization. Methods and methods of detection and assessment of risk factors can be chosen according to the characteristics of the workplace. Effective occupational risk reduction activities involve the implementation of a certain sequence of tools and management methods (control hierarchy), as specified in the international standard ISO 45001. It is proposed to use the following priorities for risk reduction: elimination of hazards, replacement of processes, operations, materials or equipment for less dangerous, the use of technical means and methods of management, reorganization of work and training of employees, administrative control of hazards, personal protective equipment. According to the results of the research, in the absence of resources for the implementation of measures of the highest priorities, the most effective approach was the combination of technical means and management methods, reorganization of work and training, as well as administrative control of hazards. To implement occupational health and safety management systems based on a risk-based approach, it is necessary, first of all, to develop and approve a methodology that determines the procedure for calculating occupational risk and ensure that the results of risk assessment are taken into account when planning preventive measures.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
Kruzhilko, O., Volodchenkova, N., Maistrenko, V., Tkalych, I., & Polukarov, O. (2021). STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF MEASURES OF THE HIERARCHY OF CONTROL ON OCCUPATIONAL RISK. Labour Protection Problems in Ukraine, 37(3), 8-13. https://doi.org/10.36804/nndipbop.37-3.2021.8-13