MODELING OF STABILITY OF SIDE ROCKS IN A COAL MASIFWITH DIFFERENT METHODS OF SUPPORT THE WORKINGS
Purpose of work. Determine the conditions of the side rocks stability in a coal massif with different ways of support coal-rock stratum to ensure safe working conditions for miners in the excavation areas of a coal mine with steep coal seams. To achieve this goal, laboratory studies were carried out on models of optical and equivalent materials. The modeling of the stability of side rocks in a coal-rock massif was carried out with the methods of support roadways with vertical timber setsand wooden crib supports: 4-point chock.On models made of optical materials in the analysis of the static field of the distribution of shear stresses in side rocks, the regularity of the change in hazardous manifestations of rock pressure, depending on the deformability of support structures, was recorded. On equivalent models of support structures, the deformation characteristics of experimental samples were determined and their effect on the integrity of the roof under the action of static loads was established. When using rigid support structures in the form of vertical timber sets made of wooden racks to protect sliding drifts, there is a deterioration in the stability of side rocks and destruction of the roof. When using flexible support structures in the form of wooden crib supports: 4-point chock, a smooth deflection of the roof and its integrity are observed. A decrease in the size of the stress concentration zone in the model of a coal-rock massif with workings after the compaction of flexible support structures located above the haul roadway, due to a change in their rigidity, when as a result of the convergence of side rocks, a smooth deflection is provided and the movement of the roof is limited. To ensure the stability of side rocks and development workings, as well as reduce the level of injuries of miners from landslides and collapses in the excavation areas of coal mines that develop steep seams, it is advisable to use flexible support structures, when using which, a smooth deflection of side rocks and their integrity in the mined-out area is ensured coal massif.
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